As previously described in a prior blog, prematurity and low birth weight are commonly found in 2-8% of live births in the United States. There are numerous neuropsychological and cognitive concerns that were reported in the previous blog. There are many risk factors that parents need to be aware of that can be a contributing factor in premature delivery.
Medical risk factors that are associated with low birth weight are:
- Previous preterm delivery
- Family history of infertility
- Multiple gestation
- Placental abnormalities
- Uterine abnormalities/infection
Cultural risk factors associated with low birth weight include:
- Preterm birth more than 2x as common in African Americans
- Higher in single mothers
- Higher in low socioeconomic status families
Because of the possible long term concerns with low birth weight, it is important to be preemptive and knowledgeable about medical and cultural factors that might contribute to the condition.