With school in session, it is important to solidify those morning, after school, and nighttime routines. Using schedules provides predictability, encourages independence, and aids in transitions with your child.
Here are some quick tips to help make morning and nighttime routines easier with a schedule:
Types of Schedules:
A schedule can be created for any routine, such as bathroom, dressing, leaving for school, or after school routines. For example, “Eat breakfast, brush teeth, and grab backpack” can be used for a morning routine, or “Eat snack, do homework, have 20 minutes of free time” could be used for an after school routine.
Location of the schedule:
Schedules should be placed where they are most accessible to your child. If you are trying to promote independence while dressing, place a schedule on your child’s closet or dresser. Bathroom schedules can be placed on a mirror, and morning/after school schedules can be placed on the refrigerator or door.
Pictures are great visuals for younger children or children who have difficulty understanding spoken language. Pictures can be drawn on a dry erase board or mirror, found on a computer (i.e., Google images), or cut out from a magazine.
Including your child:
Encouraging your child to help create his or her own schedule will increase comprehension and motivation for the responsibilities. It is important to complete schedules before the routine begins. For example, morning and after school schedules should be completed the night before. Night schedules could be completed before dinner. Your child should manipulate his or her schedule by moving pictures from the “to do” to the “all done” pile, or crossing off written tasks.
Having some flexibility with your child’s schedule is okay, as long as the schedule is set before the routine begins and the arranged schedule is followed. Rearranging the sequence of tasks, giving your child choices, and introducing new activities allow for flexibility within schedules.
Setting routines and implementing schedules should help make life a little easier. If you have any suggestions that make your morning, afternoon, and nighttime routines easier, please share them below.