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Differences and Similarities Between Occupational and Physical Therapy | Pediatric Therapy Tv

In today’s Webisode, a pediatric occupational therapist explains ways to distinguish between occupational and physical therapy and how they are similar.

In this video you will learn:

  • To determine the differences between physical and occupational therapy
  • How the two disciplines are alike
  • What types of therapies are used for the different disciplines

Video Transcription:

Announcer: From Chicago’s leading experts in pediatrics to a worldwide
audience, this is Pediatric Therapy TV where we provide experience and
innovation to maximize your child’s potential. Now your host, here’s Robyn.

Robyn: Hello, and welcome to Pediatric Therapy TV. I’m your host, Robyn
Ackerman, and I’m standing here with Lindsay Miller, a Pediatric
Occupational Therapist. Lindsay, people are often confused between physical
therapy and occupational therapy. Can you explain with the differences and
similarities are between OT and PT?

Lindsay: Sure. With occupational therapy, we usually work on independence
with self-care skills, and these are skills like dressing and bathing. We
also work a lot on fine motor skills as well. So that’s any sort of
movement using your hands and fingers like writing, coloring, using
scissors, using a fork and knife, those types of things. Traditionally,
physical therapists work on mobility, so that’s walking, running, jumping,
and other gross motor tasks that use the larger muscles of the body. In the
pediatric realm, occupational therapists also work on executive functioning
skills, so those are our thinking skills and our thinking processes, and we
also work on sensory processing as well, so that’s how children react
emotionally and behaviorally to their environment and their surroundings.
In the pediatric world, physical therapists also work a lot on mobility
again and also gross motor development. So that’s, can your child crawl and
can they get themself up into standing and those sorts of things.

Some of the similarities are that occupational and physical therapy both
can look at muscle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and muscle tone,
but the biggest difference is really how we look at those things and in
what context. So occupational therapists look at those muscle strength and
flexibility and those types of things and how they affect functioning and
daily life whereas physical therapists look at those things and how it
affects mobility and gross motor skills. So overall, there is some overlap
between occupational and physical therapy, but the biggest difference is
really how they look at it in terms of functioning.

Robyn: All right. Thank you so much, Lindsay, and thank you to our viewers.
And remember, keep on blossoming.

Announcer: This has been Pediatric Therapy TV, where we bring peace of mind
to your family with the best in educational programming. To subscribe to
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Daily Activities to Improve Fine Motor Strength

Decreased hand strength can make participating in fine motor activities very difficult for a child.

Here are some activities to help improve hand strength:

  1. Stirring batter or dough with a large spoon: This activity will help improve your child’s grip strength in both hands; one holding the bowl and one stirring with the spoon. The child will be motivated by the desirable end product, which could be brownies, cookies, or even play-doh.Child pressing a paint glue
  2. Squeeze, roll, and play with play-doh or silly putty: Play-doh and silly putty can be used to encourage pinch and grip strength by having your child make balls, pinch them into pancakes, squeeze them into a long snake, etc.
  3. Climbing up ladders or playground equipment: Holding on to ladders, monkey bars or climbing equipment will help improve functional grip strength, as the child must support their body with their hands.
  4. Buckles and snaps on clothing, helmets, etc.: Encourage your child to learn and complete difficult fasteners on their clothing and accessories. This will help promote independence and hand strength for everyday tasks.
  5. Tennis ball friend: Cut a slit in a tennis ball and draw eyes on it to make a puppet. Have your child ‘feed’ the tennis ball different small objects by squeezing the tennis ball with their hand to open the slit.
  6. Craft projects with hole punchers/ staplers: Using hole punchers and staplers are difficult hand tasks that require a lot of strength. Challenge your child to create a whole art project using only these two items.
  7. Cutting different thicknesses of paper: Using different thicknesses of paper will turn a cutting activity into a strengthening activity. Challenge your child to progress from thinner to thicker papers (for example, computer paper, to construction paper, to poster board, to cardboard, etc).
  8. Squeezing a glue bottle: Create a raised maze with glue and when it is dry, have your child color it in. Another option is to put paint in old glue bottles and have your child squeeze the paint out to make a picture.
  9. Putting together and taking apart Legos: Legos are a great activity for strengthening all fine motor skills. To add an extra challenge, push two legos together very tightly and then have the child try to pull them apart.
  10. Play with clothespins: This will promote the strengthening of small muscles in the fingers for improved pinch strength. Some ideas for clothespin use are: hanging things on a string, moving game pieces, and picking up small snacks.

Performing these activities will help encourage proper finger strength, which promotes independent self-care, academic success, good play skills, and overall improved function on a daily basis. If you have concerns regarding your child’s finger and hand strength or fine motor performance, please seek out an occupational therapist for a consultation or an evaluation in order to help your child achieve their potential.

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Got Chopsticks? A Great Tool For Improving Hand Skills

Colorful Assortment Of Chopsticks

Chopsticks are a great utensil to use during mealtime and for a variety of creative games and activities. Chopsticks can help children to work on hand-dominance, pre-handwriting/handwriting skills, and improving their grasp in a fun and exciting manner.

Games with chopsticks

Relay race:

Place a bucket at one end of the room and the objects to be picked-up on the other side of the room (e.g. marbles, beads, cotton balls, dry cereal). Read more