There are various factors that have an influence on a child’s pencil grasp. In addition to addressing a child’s physical attributes, the environment and tools used can also impact a pencil grasp.
Below are several strategies to assist in the development of an appropriate pencil grasp:
Increase Core Strength & Postural Control
Having a strong base of support can lead to more refined and controlled movements in the hands and fingers. Encourage play and activities on the ground, belly side down and propped up on the elbows and forearms. You can also incorporate animal walks, wheelbarrow walks, and kid friendly yoga poses throughout the day.
During writing activities, set up the child to promote an appropriate pencil grasp. Make sure that the child is seated at a table with his or her feet flat on the ground and that the ankles, knees, and hips are at a 90 degree angle.
Vertical & Slanted Surfaces
Encourage appropriate wrist alignment and grasp by having the child draw on vertical or slanted surfaces.
- 3-Ring Binder
Various strengthening activities can be implemented to increase the strength in the muscles of the hands.
- Playdough, putty, clay: roll, pinch, flatten, make shapes with cookie cutters
- Rip paper or tear and crumple tissue paper to make a craft with the pieces
- Use an eye dropper and food-colored water to decorate a coffee filter
- Pop bubble wrap
- Use a spray bottle to water plants or form letters on the sidewalk
Have the child use short writing tools to promote increased control. Break crayons or chalk so they are approximately 1-2 inches long or use golf pencils.
Separate the Two Sides of the Hand
The fingers on the thumb side of the hand should be utilized for holding and moving the pencil. The fingers on the pinky side of the hand (pinky finger and ring finger) should be tucked in against the palm and utilized for stability and control. To encourage this separation of the two sides of the hand, tuck a small object in the pinky and ring fingers during writing activities. For example, have the child tuck a small pompom, eraser, button, or cotton ball on the pinky side of the hand.
Both parents and teachers can incorporate the listed strategies within a child’s day to develop an effective pencil grasp and in turn help increase handwriting skills, confidence, and self-esteem.
NSPT offers services in Bucktown, Evanston, Highland Park, Lincolnwood, Glenview, Lake Bluff, Des Plaines, Hinsdale and Milwaukee. If you have questions or concerns about your child, we would love to help! Give us a call at (877) 486-4140 and speak to one of our Family Child Advocates!