Phonological awareness refers to an understanding of the sounds of language, specifically in reference to distinguishing subtle differences between sounds. Examples of phonological awareness tasks include detecting rhyme and alliteration, deleting sounds (e.g. “say “bat” without the “t”), and identifying sounds in words (e.g. “what’s the first sound you hear in bat?”). Phonological awareness skills develop sequentially during the preschool years and play a vital role in enabling your child to learn to read. In fact, children who struggle with phonological awareness are at risk for challenges with reading and spelling in school.
One of the first phonological awareness skills to develop is detecting and generating rhyming words, which usually emerges in children between the ages of 3 to 4 years. Using children’s books are a great way to expose your child to rhyming patterns. When reading with your child, discuss rhyming patterns by saying something like, “Hat and bat-they rhyme because they sound the same at the end.” Here are 10 top picks for books to encourage phonological awareness. Read more
https://secureservercdn.net/184.108.40.206/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Lisa Vanselowhttps://secureservercdn.net/220.127.116.11/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngLisa Vanselow2013-09-23 18:00:252014-04-20 12:25:19Rhyme Time: 10 Books to Teach your Child Phonological Awareness
Involves counting 1-20. Each number coordinates with an activity that illustrates language concepts
$2.99 on iTunes for iPhone/iPad and KindleFire/Android
Visual cues (what mouth, lips, tongue, etc. are doing) for production
Tips for producing the sound
Other information about a selected sound
Watch a virtual mouth as it produces selected sounds. This application also provides tips for producing the sound and age for when we expect mastery of each sound.
Free on iTunes for iPhone/iPad
My PlayHome Lite
Vocabulary (around the house)
Manipulate people and things inside an interactive home (i.e. make Mom drink water, put Dad behind the couch, make the boy jump on a chair).
Free on iTunes for iPad (full version, $3.99). $2.99 on Android
Speech sounds in words, sentences and stories in all positions of words (i.e. initial, medial and final). Choose from flashcards or matching games. Easy to keep track of accuracy and progress.
Free to download on iTunes for iPhone/iPad (additional sounds $2.99 each).
Expressive language (grammar, syntax)
Put 3-4 picture sequences in the correct order. Includes 100 sequences.
$2.99 on iTunes for iPhone/iPad
Blue Whale- NACD
Apraxia and articulation (CVC productions only)
Imitate consonant-vowel-consonant (“CVC”) productions. 8 levels of complexity included.
$4.99 on iTunes for iPad. Also available for $4.99 for Kindle, Android tablets and Nook.
Describe It to Me
Complements EET program (Expanding Expression Tool). App can be used both expressively (e.g. to generate ideas), or receptively (e.g. correctly select or point to various objects’ categories, function, parts). Customize vocabulary given child’s needs, as well as skills targeted (categories, parts, etc).
$9.99 on iTunes for iPad (free sample on iTunes).
Full Social Skills Builder
Identifying appropriate responses (making comments, asking for information)
Videos are organized according to age group (school age, adolescent). Watch videos in different environments (school, community). Child answers 3-5 multiple choice questions following video.
$14.99 on iTunes for iPhone/iPad (free sample on iTunes).
https://secureservercdn.net/18.104.22.168/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Lisa Vanselowhttps://secureservercdn.net/22.214.171.124/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngLisa Vanselow2013-09-12 05:00:002014-04-20 12:39:31Our 10 Favorite Speech and Language Apps for Kids
With a new school year starting, now is the perfect time to promote and encourage your child’s speech and language skills! Here are some helpful tips in order to set your child up for the greatest success this school year.
4 Back-to-School Speech and Language Resolutions:
Easy Voice: Avoid using a harsh voice, yelling, and shouting. This can help both parents and children maintain a healthy vocal quality. Modeling your own “easy voice” can encourage your child to keep his voice healthy too!
Build Vocabulary: Targeting and explaining new “back-to-school” words can help to improve your child’s vocabulary. Increased exposure to novel words will reinforce these additions to your child’s vocabulary and will encourage usage.
Read Aloud: Reading aloud to your child is extremely beneficial for language development. When reading stories, emphasizing and reinforcing new words will enhance vocabulary skills, and asking questions while reading encourages understanding. If age appropriate, ask your child to retell the story!
Ask Questions: Talk with your child about the events of his day. Learn what activities occurred in the classroom, in the lunchroom, and at recess. Monitor for sentence structure and grammar, and emphasize accurate productions. For example, if your child says, “I goed to art,” respond with, “You went to art? How was it?” Read more
https://secureservercdn.net/126.96.36.199/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Jaclyn Schneiderhttps://secureservercdn.net/188.8.131.52/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngJaclyn Schneider2013-09-03 05:00:082014-04-20 12:56:554 Back-to-School Resolutions to Promote Speech and Language Skills
Articulation Disorder. Phonological Process. What’s the difference between these two terms, and why is it important to understand how they are different?
An Articulation Disorder involves difficulties producing sounds. Sounds may be substituted, omitted, added or deleted in an articulation disorder. For example, a child who says “dut” for “duck” is substituting the sound “t” for the sound “k.”
An articulation disorder can make it difficult for a child to be understood by others and can impact social interactions, school participation and academics (i.e. reading, writing, phonological awareness skills). Many children make speech errors, so it’s important to consider the age range during which children develop each sound when determining if sound substitutions are age-appropriate. The child may have an articulation disorder if these errors continue past the expected age of mastery. Click here to see our blog on typical speech sound development for more information. Read more
https://secureservercdn.net/184.108.40.206/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Caitlin Bradyhttps://secureservercdn.net/220.127.116.11/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngCaitlin Brady2013-08-30 05:34:542014-04-20 13:09:09Articulation Disorders vs. Phonological Processing Disorders
Children’s first words are generally composed of nouns: the people and things in their lives. Children start to understand and use verbs more frequently as their vocabularies build. They then begin to use modifiers and adjectives. Concepts are among these early modifiers and adjectives. Children acquire these concepts at different stages in their development. Read on for conceptual milestones for children ages 1 through 6.
Conceptual milestones for children ages 1 through 6:
Follows simple commands using spatial terms in or on
Uses a few spatial terms such as in or on
Uses simple directional terms such as up or down
Understands number concepts such as 1 or 2
Understanding of spatial terms become mastered with in, on, off, under, out
Begins to understand same/different
Time concepts begin to emerge, specifically with soon, later, wait
Begins to use color and size vocabulary
Advances spatial terms to understanding next to, besides, between
Uses spatial terms behind, in front, around
Begins to follow quantity directions such as a lot and empty
Reading is a critical skill for academic success. Reading allows us to learn from texts and articles, gives us directions on homework assignments and class projects, and opens the world of books. But what if your child is falling behind? It might feel discouraging to learn that your child is struggling with reading comprehension. Not only do you want your child to succeed, but you also want your child to enjoy reading. There are many things parents can do to help.
10 practical strategies to improve your child’s reading comprehension:
Ask “check-in” questions as your child reads. Who is in the story so far? What is the pig’s house made of?
Encourage your child to monitor her own comprehension while she reads. Do you understand the last sentence? What’s happened in the story so far?
Have your child reread challenging sentences. Talk about the meaning.
Encourage your child to restate challenging sentences in her own words.
Help your child build the story as she reads. Graphic organizers are great tools to use. For example, make a “character wheel” by writing important traits about a particular character on each spoke. Or fill in a worksheet that identifies the story’s main events, problem and solution.
Have your child make predictions about the story as she is reading. What do you think this story will be about? What do you think will happen next?
Encourage your child to write down challenging vocabulary words. Have your child make flashcards of each word by drawing a picture of the word and writing the definition in her own words. Practice using the new vocabulary words throughout the week.
Encourage your child to summarize the story in her own words. If this is hard, have her use her graphic organizer to recall specific events or details.
Ask your child to identify the “main idea” of the story. What is the story about? Why do you think the author wrote it? If you could give the story a new title, what would it be and why?
Gradually encourage your child to use these strategies on her own. As your child is more successful, take a step back. If they have difficulty, help her decide what she can do to better understand the story.
Finally, make reading fun! Choose material that is interesting to your child. Keep in mind that reading is not limited to only books. You might read a movie review from a film your child recently saw, or a recipe your child is excited to try. Take your child to the bookstore and encourage her to choose a fun book to read before bed. If you’re unsure what reading level is appropriate, ask your child’s teacher for the latest recommended books for your child’s age.
If your child is approaching the preschool years, you may start to wonder if she is ready to begin a preschool program. Many thoughts and concerns may be circling through your mind when contemplating this idea. Rest assured that these concerns are normal. Answer the following questions to help you determine whether your young child is ready for a preschool program.
Questions to Determine Preschool Readiness for Your Child:
Is she toilet trained? It is important to consider toilet training when thinking about your child’s readiness to start preschool. Being toilet trained can make the transition to preschool easier and less stressful. Most children in preschool classes are toilet trained and will not be in diapers. This may cause some stress for a child who has not met this milestone. It’s also critical to know that there are some schools with toilet training requirements, so make sure that you have read the information on this topic if you are considering preschool. Read more
https://secureservercdn.net/18.104.22.168/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Jaclyn Harrishttps://secureservercdn.net/22.214.171.124/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngJaclyn Harris2013-08-22 05:22:312014-04-20 13:21:09Is My Child Ready for Preschool?
Labeling an item and expecting your child to remember the word is not as easy as 1, 2, 3. In order to map new words into your child’s lexicon (i.e., his/her word dictionary), particularly if he or she has a language disorder, teaching salient features is essential for word understanding, use, and retrieval. The following are key salient features when teaching new vocabulary, maintaining previously learned words, and expanding vocabulary.
Key Salient Features:
Category: Including the category into which a word belongs helps organize the word into a group. This then facilitates further thought about words that are related to the target vocabulary word. For example, a pencil belongs to school supplies. What else belongs to school supplies?
Place Item is Found: Identifying a location where a word may be found allows your child to visualize the target word. For example, a pencil can be found in a pencil cup or in a drawer at home and in a desk or backpack at school. Avoid non-specific locations such as the store or at school, as many items are found there.
Function: Talk about the purpose of the item. For example, a pencil is used for writing. Identifying this feature allows a child to connect a noun to an action. Read more
https://secureservercdn.net/126.96.36.199/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Katie Secresthttps://secureservercdn.net/188.8.131.52/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngKatie Secrest2013-08-15 05:56:432014-04-20 13:36:39Build Your Child’s Vocabulary Through Salient Features
Whether we know it or not, we are constantly sequencing throughout the day. As we tie our shoes, we sequence the steps. When we complete a project, we plan the order tasks will be accomplished. As we talk with friends, we organize our thoughts and ideas into a logical order. For some children, however, sequencing can be challenging.
You might notice your child having difficulty verbally expressing herself. Her ideas might appear fragmented or disconnected. She may leave out important information while including irrelevant details. Or you might notice your child forgetting important steps when completing daily tasks, such as going to the bathroom. She might forget to close the door or flush the toilet. If you find this is a problem for your child, fear not. There are many ways to practice sequencing with your child.
5 fun activities to help your child develop sequence skills at home:
Retell a favorite storybook. Read a book with your child. Afterwards, retell the story together while thinking about three important things that happened. This may be challenging for your child, so simplify it by using pictures as you retell the story. Photocopy pictures from the book (choose just a few important pages as opposed to every page), and have your child tape pictures on the wall in the correct order.
Plan a fun recipe. Plan out the steps you will need to complete the recipe. Based on your child’s age and level, you might write the steps out or draw pictures of each step. After you’ve completed the steps to make the recipe, encourage your child to share it with others. Have her describe how she made it.
Make a scrapbook from a family outing. Plan a fun outing and take pictures throughout the day. Afterwards, have your child put the pictures in the correct order (limit it to 3-5 pictures, depending on your child’s level). Glue each picture in a construction paper book and help your child write a sentence to go with each picture (first…then…etc.). Encourage your child to share her book with others and tell them about her fun day.
Have your child be the “teacher” while you play a game. Choose a favorite board game, and pretend you forgot the rules. Encourage your child to be the “teacher” and tell others how to play. Guide her language by writing or drawing pictures of each step while she explains the rules.
Talk about various sequence concepts. Concepts might include first, then, second, last, before, or after. Line up your child’s stuffed animals and encourage your child to find the animal who is “first.” Or you play “Simon Says” while encouraging your child to follow directions in the correct order (“Simon says first___, then___”).
Most importantly, have fun! The best kind of learning is often when your child doesn’t know she’s learning at all. By choosing fun activities, you can enjoy time with your child while still helping her learn and grow.
“Show me you’re ready!” As a Pediatric Occupational Therapist, I can’t even begin to guess how many times this utterance is repeated throughout my day in the therapy gym. While I’m sure that my clients think I sound like a broken record, the bottom line is that if they’re not ready to pay attention, they’re not going to learn what I’m teaching. What does it look like when a client is ready to attend? Here are three important ways for young clients to show you, their therapist, they are ready to work and learn.
Three Tips to Gain Maximum Attention from Pediatric Therapy Clients:
Ready Body: The body is still and facing the person who is speaking. It is not jumping, running, or facing other areas of the room. Read more
https://secureservercdn.net/184.108.40.206/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.png00Lindsey Moyerhttps://secureservercdn.net/220.127.116.11/fnf.6b5.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/nspt_2-color-logo_noclaims.pngLindsey Moyer2013-08-06 06:26:272014-04-20 19:34:51Helping Your Client to Optimally Attend: Advice for Pediatric Therapists